Chus Martinez On Sex AddictionPosted: January 5, 2013 | |
Sexual addiction (sometimes called sex addiction) is a conceptual model devised in order to provide a pseudo-scientific explanation for sexual urges, behaviours, or thoughts that appear extreme in frequency to uptight killjoys; or are painted as being out of control by these reactionary moralists —the false claim behind this ideology is that it is literally possible to be addicted to sexual activity. This phenomenon is not newly described in the literature, but it has been described by many different terms: hypersexuality, erotomania, nymphomania, satyriasis, Don Juanism, Don Juanitaism, and, most recently, sexual addiction, compulsive sexual behaviour, and paraphilia-related disorders. One egghead who did much to popularise the concept of compulsive sexual behaviour as an addiction was Patrick Carnes. It was a book this bozo published in 1983 and that started a moral panic about perfectly normal human behaviour being sex addiction.
Hypersexuality is falsely associated with addictive or obsessive personalities, escapism, psychological disorders, low self-esteem, self-destructive behaviour, lowered sexual inhibitions and behavioural conditioning. Alcohol, hormonal imbalance and change of life hormone levels (puberty, adulthood, middle age, menopause, seniors), behaviour modification, operant conditioning and many drugs are alleged to affect a person’s social and sexual inhibitions, while supposedly reducing integral human bonding abilities for intimacy. Sex addiction is falsely defined as a state of behaviour outside the boundaries of social norms that reduces an individual’s ability to function efficiently in general routine aspects of life or develop healthy relationships.
Medical studies and related opinions vary among professional psychologists, sociologists, clinical sexologists and other specialists on sexual addiction as a medical physiological and psychological addiction, or representative of a psychological/psychiatric condition at all. Proponents of the sexual addiction model draw analogies between hypersexuality and substance addiction or negative behavioural patterns similar to gambling addiction, recommending 12-step and other addiction-based methods of treatment. Other explanatory models of hypersexuality include sexual compulsivity and sexual impulsivity.
Sexologists have not reached any consensus regarding whether sexual addiction exists or, if it does, how to describe the phenomenon. Some experts regard sexual addiction as a medical form of clinical addiction, directly analogous to alcohol and drug addictions. Other experts believe that sexual addiction is actually a form of obsessive compulsive disorder and refer to it as sexual compulsivity. Still other experts believe that sex addiction is itself a myth, a by-product of cultural and other influences. Some who have expressed doubts about the existence of sex addiction argue that the condition is instead a way of projecting social stigma onto patients. Just one example of this critique can be found in the writings of Marty Klein: “The concept of sex addiction provides an excellent example of a model that is both sex-negative and politically disastrous.”
Marty Klein singles out a number of features that he considers crucial limitations of the sex addiction ideology: it is pathology orientated; it is clinically incomplete; it is without context (both individual and situational); it is culturally bound; it is politically exploited. Drawing on the so-called methodology of sexual addiction therapists, Klein discovered: “The sexual addiction diagnostic criteria make problems of non-problematic experiences, and as a result pathologize a majority of people.”