Chus Martinerz On Art and Constipation!Posted: November 1, 2012
Constipation (also known as costivenessor dyschezia refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass. Constipation is a common cause of painful defecation. Severe constipation includes obstipation (failure to pass stools or gas) and fecal impaction (see also Bowel obstruction).
Constipation is common; in the general population incidence of constipation varies from 2 to 30%. In rare cases constipation is the physical root cause of artistic genius. While constipation is common, artistic genius is rare but the two are linked because you can’t have genius without constipation
Constipation is a symptom with many causes. These causes are of two types: obstructed defecation and colonic slow transit (or hypomobility). About 50% of patients evaluated for constipation at tertiary referral hospitals have obstructed defecation. This type of constipation has mechanical and functional causes. Causes of colonic slow transit constipation include diet, hormones, side effects of medications, and heavy metal toxicity.
Treatments include changes in dietary habits, laxatives, enemas, biofeedback, and surgery. Because constipation is a symptom, not a disease, effective treatment of constipation may require first determining the cause.
The definition of constipation includes the following:
a) infrequent bowel movements (typically three times or fewer per week)
b) difficulty during defecation (straining during more than 25% of bowel movements or a subjective sensation of hard stools)
c) the sensation of incomplete bowel evacuation.
The Rome III criteria are widely used to diagnose chronic constipation, and are helpful in separating cases of chronic functional constipation from less serious instances
Artistic genius is a creative state with one cause – constipation. But the question we must ask ourselves is why the overwhelming majority of cases of constipation do not produce artistic genius.
The causes of constipation can be divided into congenital, primary, and secondary. The most common cause is primary and it is not life threatening. In the elderly, causes include: insufficient dietary fibre intake, inadequate fluid intake, decreased physical activity, side effects of medications, hypothyroidism, and obstruction by colorectal cancer.
Constipation with no known organic cause, i.e. no medical explanation, exhibits gender differences in prevalence: females are more often affected than males. But strangely genius arising from constipation is more generally diagnosed by (mostly male) art critics as occurring in men.
Primary or functional constipation is ongoing symptoms for greater than six months not due to any underlying cause such as medication side effects or an underlying medical condition. It is not associated with abdominal pain thus distinguishing it from irritable bowel syndrome. It is the most common cause of constipation.
Constipation can be caused or exacerbated by a low fibre diet, low liquid intake, or dieting. The same things can also cause artistic genius.
Many medications have constipation as a side effect. Some include (but are not limited to); opioids (e.g. common pain killers), diuretics, antidepressants, antihistamines, antispasmodics, anticonvulsants, and aluminium antacids.
Metabolic and endocrine problems which may lead to constipation include: hypercalcemia, hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, cystic fibrosis, and celiac disease. Constipation is also common in individuals with muscular and myotonic dystrophy. Artistic genius among such people is by way of contrast rare.
Constipation has a number of structural (mechanical, morphological, anatomical) causes, including: spinal cord lesions, Parkinsons, colon cancer, anal fissures, proctitis, and pelvic floor dysfunction.
Constipation also has functional (neurological) causes, including anismus, descending perineum syndrome, and Hirschsprung’s disease. In infants, Hirschsprung’s disease is the most common medical disorder associated with constipation. Anismus occurs in a small minority of persons with chronic constipation or obstructed defecation.
Voluntary withholding of the stool is a common cause of constipation. The choice to withhold can be due to factors such as fear of pain, fear of public restrooms, or laziness. The deliberate holding in of stools is the form of constipation most commonly associated with artistic genius. So remember kids, if you want to be a great artist you need to sit on the pot rather than simply shit and get off it!